One of a Set
Years after the Coatlicue was unearthed, an almost identical monument was found near the Templo Mayor. This monolith was given the name Yolotlicue, or “Hearts Her Skirt,” as her skirt is made of hearts instead of serpents. Nowhere do primary sources mention a deity named Yolotlicue and it is a mystery as to whether the monument represents a spicifc deity, or simply another facet of Coatlicue. While Yolotlicue exhibits significant natural damage, much of the iconography is still legible. Yolotlicue once shared the same face made of serpent heads and hands made of fanged serpents. She stands in the same pose as Coatlicue and at the same height. She also features an identical Tlaltecuhtli relief on her underside. It was originally hypothesized that the two figures worked as a pair on either side of the Temple of Huizilopotchtli, but recent research has upped the number of possible Coatlicues with the discovery of fragments identical to parts of Coatlicue. The fact that Yolotlicue is identical to Coatlicue with only one exception points to the fluidity of Mexica deity iconography. Deities are not simply iconographical types that can be created with a checklist of features—they fall on a fluid scale. Perhaps Coatlicue and Yolotlicue represent the same figure, while simply stressing different aspects of that figure.